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How did British influence impact art education in Pakistan after the partition in 1947 and how did the implemented curriculum affect the way in which arts are now perceived?
By Hibah Hoque


“We are starting in the days where there is no discrimination, no distinction between one community and another, no discrimination between one caste or creed and another. We are starting with this fundamental principle: that we are all citizens, and equal citizens, of one State.”
– Muhammad Ali Jinnah


Receiving an education is a privilege that people take for granted in the Western world. Education opens the doors to some understanding of the world around us. In order to understand a society we must have a contextual and historical background and the ability to process the information to come to a conclusion as to why the society has developed as it has in the present day. Combine the privilege of education with the talent of those blessed with the ability to create and design and the understanding and expressionism of the world around you reaches a whole new level of communication to others. Art education was neglected at the time of Pakistan’s partition and colonialism influenced the structure of education, taking away the core values of the nation of Pakistan and implementing a curriculum that didn’t help the artistic community to flourish over time. Through extensive research into the societal differences in the system of education, the uprising of a few motivated artists and the evolution of art that came from a cultural crossover that changed the image of Pakistan’s major cities forever, we will look for a reason as to why the quote above, said by Pakistan’s founder, became redundant when Pakistan gained independence in 1947.

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